Manuscripts or Bible's.

Ethiopian Handwritten Coptic Ge'ez Manuscripts or Bibles were produced as early as the fourteenth century until the late 19th century throughout Ethiopia, the first country to become an independent African nation. Christianity was introduced to Ethiopia in the 4th century when Syrian missionaries first translated the Bible into Ge'ez, the language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. The surviving body of Ge'ez literature in composed almost entirely of Christian liturgy, as education was exclusively the responsibility of priests and monks. The bibles or manuscripts produced typically contain the gospels of the New Testament, recounting the life of Jesus of Nazareth and the foundation of the Christian faith with illuminated miniature paintings depicting the lives of the Saints.

The most manuscripts  or bible page are written by hand in Ge'ez on vellum using red and black ink and bound in a cover with small cotton fabric inserts to the inside covers - vellum is fine parchment from a calf or goat skin - the red ink is used for religious saints or names of holy figures - some soiling to pages with usual smudge marks and occasional holes, which are normal characteristics for this type of bible of this age.